Nonpareil Marbled Paper (mid 19th century)
Nonpareil FROM THE Mid 19th century    SEE MORE →

Our Research

Our primary area of interest is the study of the pigments, materials and techniques that were used in the fabrication of marbled paper from its earliest introduction into Europe in the 16th century, through the 19th century. During much of this time, the watercolor paints were prepared in the marbling workshops by the marblers or their assistants.


As part of our investigations, we began, and have continued to make paints using the pigments that would have been available to these marblers. These paints are prepared as they would have been in the 18th and 19th centuries; the techniques are taken from the classic marbling texts and other texts of those times. In addition to these paints, we have also experimented with several pearlescent metallic watercolor paints and our own series of paints suitable for Japanese Suminagashi marbling.


Suminagashi Paper
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Tracing History

The earliest documented marbling art form is Japanese Suminagashi, which dates to 12th century Japan, and involves the floating of pigment inks and paints on water. Traditionally this was done in black, but indigo and vermillion were also utilized, usually in combination with black ink. Contemporary suminagashi has incorporated other colors and several new techniques, including overmarbling and T. Kuroda's variation called Suimonga.

From Old to New

We are actively involved in researching different aspects of marbling, technical and historical. Reproducing some of the more unusual patterns of the 19th century, such as Tiger or Sun, Schroetel, Broken, and others is doubly frustrating because of difficulty obtaining the necessary materials, and because of the difficulty working out the techniques.

We can provide marbled paper for bookbinders, restorers and others. Examples can be seen in the Marbling Section. Pricing is available upon request and we also offer a sample portfolio of 20 papers and a digital portfolio of 44 examples. You can e-mail us if you are looking for something specific or have questions about patterns, techniques or paints, or would like to request one of our portfolio samples.